Cancer, as scary as it may look, the stories of those who survived it, reflect the kind of hope we need to keep the disease at bay. Because their journey and the immense research on the subject make it clear that, while nothing can assure a cancer-free life, you can make certain conscious choices to stay away from it as much as possible.
1. Say No To Excessive Alcohol And Tobacco:
Alcohol amplifies the risks for different types of cancer affecting the mouth, oesophagus, liver, colon, female breast, larynx, and the pharynx. According to credible health organisations, it is okay for men to have two drinks and women to have one drink, every day. But even moderate alcohol consumption is dangerous for certain types of cancer. Chewing tobacco is linked to oral cancer and pancreatic cancer. Avoid tobacco in all forms, including passive smoking, as it could lead to lung cancer.
2. Exercise Regularly To Stay Physically And Mentally Fit:
A high Body Mass Index (BMI) indicates a higher risk of cancer of the pancreas, kidneys, postmenopausal breast, etc. Certain studies link regular exercise with reduced risk of colon, breast, lung, kidney, and prostate cancer. Even if it might not effectively prevent the disease, it helps you to maintain a healthy weight and keeps your mental health in check. Keep some time aside daily to follow a physical routine or activity. Start with easy, and then move towards moderate and difficult physical activities.
3. Relook At Your Food Choices:
The International Agency for Research on Cancer stated that excessive consumption of processed meat makes you more prone to a few types of cancer. Other reports claim that obese women are at a higher risk of contracting cancer again and men with elevated levels of saturated fats are at a higher risk of prostate cancer. Hence, consume saturated fat, red meat, and processed meat in limited quantity. Have a diet that includes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, olive oil, and fish.
4. Avoid Excessive Exposure To Light:
One of the most preventable and common types of cancer is skin cancer. Whenever possible, step out when the sun rays are not extremely harsh. When outdoors, cover yourself as much as possible and wear sunglasses and/or a hat. Use sunscreens with an SPF of 30 or more, even on non-sunny days. Stay away from bright lights at nights as it disturbs the body’s circadian rhythm, thereby reducing the production of melatonin, and increasing the growth of a tumour.
In addition to these measures, ensure that you sign up for a regular medical check-up. This will aid in the early detection of the disease and its better treatment. Since prevention is always better than cure, make conscious choices and move closer to a healthier life!