Type 1 and type 2 diabetes The difference & how to deal with them Blog

The Difference Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes – And How to Deal with Each

Diabetes is a well-known disease and most people know that it is related to high levels of sugar in the blood. But few people are aware that there are actually two types of diabetes and their causes are quite different. Here we explain both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes; the causes, symptoms and treatment of each, and how to lead as normal a life as possible if you or a loved one suffer from either form of the disorder.

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is also called juvenile diabetes because the onset is much earlier in life. Type 1 diabetes can affect children from a very young age. This form of the disease is caused when the immune system destroys the pancreatic cells that make insulin which results in an insulin deficiency in the body. Without insulin the cells in the body are not able to absorb glucose, causing the sugar levels to rise in the blood.


Weight loss

Excessive need to urinate

Dehydration and feeling thirsty a lot

Feeling hungry often

Blurred vision


While there is no cure for type 1 diabetes the condition can be managed. Treatments include:

  • Insulin injections
  • Sugar-free diet
  • Monitoring of blood sugar levels
  • Eating a nutrition-rich diet
  • Exercising regularly

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes usually starts in adulthood. The condition is caused when cells are unable to use insulin to absorb glucose from the blood. In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas still produces insulin but for certain reasons, cells have become resistant to the hormone. The condition can be brought on by obesity and being overweight, other chronic health issues consuming high levels of sugar in food and drink, not getting enough exercise and physical activity, and high levels of stress.


Fatigue due to no glucose in cells

Unusual weight loss or gain

Excessive thirst and hunger

Blurred vision

Wounds that don’t heal

Numbness and tingling sensation in feet


Unlike type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes can be reversed and cured. Treatments include:

  • Oral insulin pills or insulin injections
  • Eating a special diet that is sugar-free and has snacks for diabetics which are low in carbohydrates
  • Getting enough exercise
  • Weight loss
  • Stress management
  • Dietary supplements

Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes can adversely affect the quality of life if left untreated. However, with the right diet, medication and exercise the diabetes can be controlled without medication in the nascent stages and individuals suffering from them can lead a close to normal life. Make good health your mission by gaining more knowledge on such conditions on our wellness and lifestyle blog.