Type 2 diabetes affects about 6.2 crore adults in India. Diabetes occurs when there is not enough insulin in the body or the cells don’t respond to the insulin that is present. Insulin is the hormone that helps cells absorb glucose/sugar from the blood to use as energy. In diabetes, glucose remains in the blood and the level starts to rise. Because the cells are not receiving the glucose, the patient starts to experience tiredness, feel hungry and thirsty more often and starts to gain weight.
Exercise can help to control the glucose levels in the blood and also prevent some of the other symptoms like tiredness and weight gain. This is possible because muscles don’t need insulin to absorb glucose. As soon as you start exercising, your muscles start to use blood glucose as fuel and help to reduce the level. Being active every day with simple exercises like brisk walking, aerobics, swimming, playing tennis, cycling and weight training can have many benefits for diabetics. Stretching before and after exercising is a must.
A nutritious diet is an essential part of staying fit. Eating the right food, snacks, and protein shakes can help keep blood sugar under control. It is important to consult with your doctor before you start exercising for the first time.