The various deductions from the gross salary results in a considerable difference between the initially offered CTC and the actual in-hand salary. The CTC to take-home salary can be calculated using the take-home salary calculator. Hence, it is important to understand your salary structure and the various terminologies used.
CTCCTC or cost to the company is the amount of money spent by the employer to hire a new employee. It comprises of several components such as HRA, medical insurance, provident fund, etc. which is added to the basic pay. The allowances may include meal coupons, cab service, subsidised loans, etc. All these elements combined form the entire cost to the company. Basically, CTC is the cost spent by the employer spent in hiring and sustaining the employee in the organization.
Gross SalaryGross salary is the amount after the EPF and gratuity are subtracted from the CTC. Basically, the remuneration paid before deducting the income tax, professional tax, and other deductions. It is inclusive of bonuses, overtime pay, paid holiday amount, and other differentials.
GratuityThis is the part of the employee's salary that is paid by the company as a token of appreciation for the services of the company offered during the tenure of employment. It is mainly defined as the benefit provided to the employee at the time of their retirement. Under the Income Tax Act, an employee is eligible to receive the gratuity amount after the completion of 5 or more years of full-time employment at an organisation.
Net Salary or In-hand Salary
Take-home salary or the In-hand salary is the amount which the employee receives after the tax, and other deductions are carried over. The difference between gross and net salary is that the salary that includes the income tax, professional tax, and other company policy deductions subtracted from the gross salary.
In-hand Salary = Gross Salary - Income Tax -Professional Tax
It is important to know that the CTC offered will be different from what you actually receive in-hand at the end of the month. The difference between CTC and in-hand salary are the various deductions that occur at the time of payout. The take-home salary can be increased by proper tax planning and avoiding any income tax deductions.
For instance, if the employee invests INR 1.5 lakh in tax saving entities under Section 80C such as mutual funds, PPF, etc. he/she can save on income tax. This will result in reducing the total deductions from the gross salary, thereby increasing the in-hand salary.
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The information contained herein is generic in nature and is meant for educational purposes only. Nothing here is to be construed as an investment or financial or taxation advice nor to be considered as an invitation or solicitation or advertisement for any financial product. Readers are advised to exercise discretion and should seek independent professional advice prior to making any investment decision in relation to any financial product. Aditya Birla Capital Group is not liable for any decision arising out of the use of this information.
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